Informatica e diritto, XL Annata, Vol. XXIII, 2014, n. 1, pp. 77-96

Tatiana Tkacukova

Litigants-in-person as intruders in court

Stare in giudizio personalmente: come intrusi in tribunale

The paper deals with a topic almost unknown in the Italian judicial practice, but quite original and of great interest even for civil law, continental tradition: the impact of self-defense in civil proceedings, in cases when parties decide to self represent in standing before court and interacting with legal professionals and witnesses. Such aspects seem to be of interest more for legal sociology and psico-linguistic than from a legal and/or linguistic profile, but the analysis linguistic uses open quite interesting views on the behavior of judges towards private citizens. The case study concerns a non-jury libel case against two journalists promoted by McDonald's Corporations. The journalist has been accused for a leaflet distributed by the defendant that accused McDonald's for promoting junk food and using low quality products. The linguistic investigation concerns the transcriptions of the trial, the parties declarations and the interactions with the judge and the claimant's legal representatives. The analysis underlines a negative fairness by the judge in supporting cross examination of witnesses, and a negative behavior of claimant, aimed at demonstrating the inadequate competence of respondents. [abstract tratto dalla rivista]

Sommario: 1. The buzz around "pro se" litigants. - 2. Data. - 3. Methodology. - 4. Interaction between the judge and "pro se" litigants. - 5. Conclusions on the function of the judge. - 6. Indirect interaction between the "pro se" litigants and the opposing counsel via the judge. - 7. Conclusions on the strategies of the opposing lawyer. - 8. Further research.

In tema di: L'impatto che provoca sul comportamento dei giudici (dei tribunali statunitensi) la scelta delle parti di difendersi in giudizio direttamente ("self-defense"), senza affidarsi al supporto di avvocati e testimoni. Apertura ad innovativi punti di vista sul rapporto fra i giudici e i privati cittadini. Il caso: una causa di diffamazione intentata dalla McDonald's Corporation contro due giornalisti. L'indagine linguistica del caso: l'utilizzo delle trascrizioni dei verbali d'udienza, ivi incluse le dichiarazioni delle parti e il contraddittorio condotto dal giudice con gli avvocati dell'accusa.

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