Informatica e diritto, XXXVII Annata, Vol. XX, 2011, n. 1-2, pp. 515-523

Maria-Teresa Sagri

Panoramica sul Seminario 'Open Data nel contesto italiano' (ITTIG/CNR, 13 giugno 2011)

Survey of the Workshop on "Open Data in the Italian Context" (ITTIG/CNR, 13th June 2011)
Commento al seminario "Open Data nel contesto italiano", Firenze, 13 giugno 2011

Riassunto: Le iniziative connesse al movimento "open" e "linked" data rimangono ancora esperienze piuttosto isolate rispetto all'intero panorama nazionale, dove le istituzioni appaiano spesso frenate dai timori e dalle incertezze legate ai molteplici e complessi aspetti del fenomeno. Consegue a ciò che la diffusione di questo nuovo ed entusiasmante progetto necessiti la promozione di politiche che incoraggino maggiormente e più diffusamente le iniziative istituzionali verso una politica dell'open. In tale direzione si colloca l'iniziativa dell'ITTIG. Il seminario, dall'impronta fortemente divulgativa, ha rappresentato un'importante occasione di incontro e scambio di esperienze tra i maggiori esperti italiani del settore per sviluppare un confronto su una road map tutta italiana dell'Open Data al fine di incentivare uno numero sempre crescente di utenti a mettersi a servizio della diffusione e comprensione del movimento e consentire al maggior numero possibile di enti di fare realmente Open Data. Il seminario ha illustrato i profili strategici del movimento, gli aspetti giuridici come quelli della trasparenza, licenze, privacy e quelli più prettamente tecnici e organizzativi connessi al fenomeno; ad esso sono stati invitati Ernesto Belisario, Flavia Marzano, Ettore Di Cesare, Federico Morando, Eleonora Bassi e Michele Barbera.

Abstract: In the last years there has been significant progress of the campaigns infavor of the Open Data, the information published on the Internet in an open format that allows you to download, reuse, and connect them in a collaborative way. This approach represents a concrete solution to form a large network of knowledge. The term 'open data' refers both to a philosophy and to a practice, which implies that some types of data are freely accessible to everybody, without copyright restrictions, patents or other forms of control that limits reproduction. The most important initiative on the open data is the Open Government directive. This document, enacted soon after the election of Barack Obama as president of the United States, ordered the publication on the Internet of all public Government data. Following the U.S. model, various countries, like England, Australia, Canada, have launchedsimilar procedures. This initiative is becoming extremely topical in Italy, where a growing number of people supports the "liberation" of public data in order to increase efficiency and transparency of public administration,to improve the quality of life of citizens and to provide companies with new business opportunities. However the Italian initiatives related to the movement are still isolated; the institutions appear often limited by legal, technical and organizational barriers. At the moment, new policies must be promoted to improve the dissemination of this new and exciting project. In this direction lies the initiative held on 13 June 2011 in Florence at the Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques of the National Research Council, on "The Open Data in the Italian context". The worksho prepresented an important opportunity to meet and exchange experiencesamong the major national experts in the academy and industry. The aim was to develop an Italian road map for Open Data to encourage an increasing number of users to built new services and to enable as many institutions as possible to make a real Open Data at all levels of Public sector. The seminar highlighted the strategic (importance for citizens and enterprises), legal (transparency, licensing and privacy), technical (formats, catalogs) and organizational (internal and external reluctance) profiles and the most important Italian projects like the Piedmont Region's initiatives and the "Linked Open Camera" and "OpenParlamento" projects.

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