Informatica e diritto, XXXVII Annata, Vol. XX, 2011, n. 1-2, pp. 287-303

Flavia Marzano

La trasparenza nella Pubblica Amministrazione passa dall'Open Data o l'Open Data passa dalla trasparenza?

Transparency in Public Administration Is Generated by Open Data or Open Data Are Generated by Transparency?

Riassunto: Tipico vizio del mondo delle tecnologie, cambiare nome alle cose che sostanzialmente sono giÓ state dette/fatte/normate. Anche l'open data, in fondo non Ŕ altro che applicazione della trasparenza. In questo articolo analizzeremo la normativa sulla trasparenza nella "nuova" ottica dell'open data e dell'open government.

Abstract: Open Data, after all, is nothing but an application of the concept of transparency. We examine here some regulations by evaluating them in terms of transparency in a perspective that takes into account the new ways of interpreting the philosophy of Open Data and Open Government as Open Government Data. The public sector has been transformed by four major revolutions: 1. the web 2.0, internet as a participation tool; 2. the net generation: young people are active and leading actors, no more passive voters; 3. the social networks: the emerging collaborations through social networks are phenomena that no politician or administrator can no longer afford to ignore; 4. the wikinomics: although the needs of citizens can not meet the principles of modern marketing alone, the manifesto of Wikinomics, openness, connection, sharing and acting with a global vision, gives to public sector some principles to follow in order to evolve in this direction. The government needs more interest from citizens and aims to get greater authority, so it must evolve quickly following the expectations of citizens needing a public sector more open, attentive, efficient and effective. These four revolutions are transforming the world as we know it. The consequences of these profound changes in the economic, social and public become a starting point and an open challenge for the modern Open Government.

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